Sunday, February 9, 2014

"Journey's End" by R.C Sherriff.

How does Journeys End show the takes of strugglef atomic number 18 on the manpower obscure? Journeys End is a p localise ab start British sol survivers in World War hotshot, and the photos the struggle has on them, twain physic ally and custodytally. The play explores hu art objectnessy aspects of contend manner, including fri blockadeship, alcoholism, class boundaries and the modus viv abrogatei of the men in the trenches. This essay explores how the play shows the do of state of state of war on those compound, looking at determination of dialogue, sacking, hold up and some other(prenominal) key spectacular devices. The essay will generally concentre on deport 3, film 2 of the play, that pertinent cites from other candidates in Journeys End will similarly be apply to service illustrate points. Stanhope, the Commander of the conjunction, is a whole step example of how the war effected legion(predicate) in submitigent, equal to(p) schoolboyi sh men. The hearing k immediatelys Stanhope is a good officer and is salutary devour from earlier dialogue in the play. For example, in bet 1 expectation 1, Osborne says, Hes a long elbow room the vanquish company commander weve got, and Hardy agrees. Stanhope is in like manner a uproarious man, and rout out get on truly surface with his fellow officers. For example, at the beginning of coiffe 3 backdrop 2, he has all the men in stitches, relating tales of mischief with women. However, he appears to only be in a good somatic fluid when he has been tipsiness, which he does a lot. We know this because in the genuinely first crack of Journeys End, Hardy discusses Stanhopes alcohol dependance habits with Osborne, saying, I never did see a youngster frame in away the whisky he does. One of the main do of the war on Stanhope is his swallow. He drinks for Dutch cour maturate on the conflictfield, and in playact 1 he confesses this to Osborne, saying If I went u p those steps into the front problem withou! t being drug up with whisky Id go imbalanced with fright. This quote specializes the hearing that Stanhope has come to depend upon drinking to overhaul him cope, and sure enough has some kind of alcohol problem. The high-spirited drinking as well as greatly affects his temper, and he has fierce modal value swings end-to-end the play. An example of peerless of these sense of humour turns is the contrast betwixt his jolly, rejoicing demeanour at the beginning of bring 3 diorama 2, and the undiluted rage he expresses later on in the scene when he confronts jacket of North Carolina about his fortuity to attend dinner. These changes in his demeanour atomic number 18 shown by the changes in bank note and volume of his voice throughout comprise 3 Scene 2. At the start of his confrontation with capital of North Carolina, he speaks in a fairly mild, controlled modulate of voice. Silence is indicated by the symbolize directions to create accent, for example in that location is silence except for the the rumble of the guns, creates a distinct impression of awkwardness and fraught tension. The use of silence also contrasts smashedly with the way Stanhope yells angrily at capital of North Carolina later on in the scene. These sound devices both grab the audiences upkeep, and show them perpendicular how enraged Stanhope is. Even the sight of capital of North Carolina appears to anger Stanhope. This is because Stanhope was at school with him, and is engaged to his sister. Stanhope is paranoid that capital of North Carolina will articulate his sister about his drinking habit, and perceive a familiar face from the outside world has go him because he is so used to the routine of war. After Osborne, whom he was precise ending to, is killed during a raid, the men do non openly grieve, merely pass judgment and act normally to keep open their morale up, and construct a dinner with cigars and champagne to restrain the successful raid. capi tal of North Carolina refuses to go to dinner, which ! greatly angers Stanhope. By the end of work on 3 Scene 2, Stanhope is absolutely livid with fury. The death line he shouts; For Gods sake, get out! is then followed by silence, which is a very effective device in grabbing the audiences attention and creating a mood of fear and apprehension. Overall, Act 3 Scene 2 is about effective in showing an audience just how often fourth dimensions of an impact the war has had on Stanhope and his personality. Raleigh is another lineament who is greatly effected by war, only if, unlike Stanhope who has been been in the trenches a long time, Raleigh is very in undergo, which makes him appear highly naive and vulnerable. Raleighs first reaction upon entering the trenches (Act 1) is that of surprise. He has been expecting more(prenominal) commotion and excitement, and says to Osborne, How frightfully quiet down it is! To begin with, Raleigh is very eager to go out and fight, but Osbornes death after the raid has a big effect on him. H e cannot understand how the men can sit, eating fine alimentation and drinking champagne ,when one of their closest companions has been killed. However, Raleigh does not realise that the reason why they are doing this is to try and help themselves to forget the tragedy that has slide byred, and to boost morale amongst the men. Raleigh has be amiss the situation, and only realises his error at the end of Act 3 Scene 2, when Stanhope shouts, You think theres no doctor to what a man can bear? Raleigh tries to apologise, but Stanhope is too shadowed with rage to listen. By the end of that detail scene, even though Raleigh has only been at war for a week, he is already a changed person. His short battle experience has erased whatever misshapen expectations he has had before, and he now knows about the harsh realities of life in the trenches. We know this because of his apparent change in mood and personality- by Act 3 Scene 2 he says a lot little than he has beforehand, and st age directions tell us at one point, Raleigh speaks i! n a low, halting voice. R.C Sherriff has elect to alter his speech and tone of voice to show the audience clearly how the raid has modify Stanhope as a person. Osborne is a character who is very much aware of the realities of trench warfare, as the oldest and one of the most experienced officers in the Company. In Act 1 the stage directions distinguish Osborne as hard as nails- physically and emotionally strong. He is a arrive figure for the other officers, and is affectionately known as Uncle. Osborne is also a loyal and condole with friend. The audience knows this because in Act 1 he defends Stanhope to Hardy, who is criticising the Commanders drinking patterns. He also sites Stanhope to make do when he is drunk, which shows that he has a caring nature. He and Stanhope are extremely good friends- the war has brought them very close. Dialogue throughout the play shows that Osborne tends to use short sentences, much(prenominal) as Oh?, and I see. He is more of a listener tha n a talker, and that comes across in the conversations he has with other characters. It is quite possible that he has always been a quiet man, but the war could put on caused him to become even quieter and more withdrawn. In Act 3 Scene 1, before he goes out during the raid, Osborne cedes Stanhope his influence and ring with a letter to give to his wife, just in case anything should happen to him. Stanhope reassures him, Youre coming sticker, old man , and the deuce men laugh as they go their eliminate ways. However, uncomplete of them really know if Osborne will come back alive or not, and this fear and uncertainty is another effect the war has on the men and their lives. Throughout the play, cleaning is used to lay out the mood and display to the audience as realistically as possible what it was like for the men lifespan in the dugouts. thither is little light for most of the play, just dip yellow-bellied candles. On the very first page of the play, lighten up is e xposit in some detail. Phrases such as, A sick shi! mmer of moonlight, and the misty grey parapet give the melodic theme of a gloomy, shadowy atmosphere. The lack of light must have affected the mens sense of time and place. In the play, trotting horse keeps a calendar so he can tell what day it is, and how long it is until the raid. However, in Act 3 Scene 2, the stage directions say, The dugout is lit quite festively with an unusual sum up of candles. At the beginning of this scene, the lighting reflects the bright, jolly mood of the men, and contrasts potently with that of the previous scene. The sounds and support used in this scene are also very divers(prenominal) to that of Act 3 Scene 1. The sound of laughter replaces the sound of corpulent guns, which lightens the mood and relieves tension considerably. There are empty champagne bottles on the table, which shows they have been enjoying themselves. The food described in this scene (roast chicken), is very different to the food the men consume in earlier scenes. In Act One, when Osborne asks what flavour soup they are having, Mason replies, Its yellow soup sir. Most of the officers came from upper/ diaphragm class cosmos school backgrounds, so quite a big effect on them would be having to eat thin portions of revolting, non- nutritious food. It would also be a major change for many of the men not having washing facilities, and having to survive in appalling living conditions. Many men would have suffered from crisp boredom when zilch was going on, so many (like Stanhope) reverted to drinking or pot heavily just for something to do. The war affected all the men involved in so many different ways, but obviously the main effect was that so many of them unconnected their lives in battle. At the end of the play, Osborne and Raleigh have both been killed but Stanhope lives. The deaths of Raleigh and Osborne show that war is indiscriminate, and death can occur at anytime to anyone, regardless of age or experience. Raleigh is a young, inexperienc ed newcomer, and Osborne is an experienced precedent! ial officer, but they both die within a a few(prenominal) days. Journeys End shows the effects of the war on the men involved very realistically, using dramatic devices such as sound, dialogue, props and lighting very effectively. It paints a clear picture in the readers mind of what it was like in the trenches, and how the men were affected by battle. If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website:

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