Friday, March 29, 2019

History and Overview of Pulse Oximetry

History and Overview of caprice Oximetry nervous impulse OximeteryLeslie BrucheyIntroduction to pulsation Oximetry cadence oximetry has flipd the medical field for eternity. The ability to be adequate to(p) to oversee a patients group O intensity noninvasively has become a proto fount of c atomic number 18 for those who be in the hospital. Pulse oximetry is the ability to measure the type O vividness of arterial blood using a pulse oximeter (Pulse oximetry,n.d). This al let looses the ashes to be externally monito departure and help maintain the group O saturation. The pulse oximeter allows for psyches oxygen saturation to be measured in a matter of seconds instead of drawling an arterial blood gas which requires a needle and about fifteen minutes to have the results (Arterial Blood Gas, n.d.).History of the Pulse OximeterA pulse oximeter is a device that allows for noninvasive measurement of a persons oxygen saturation within their body to befool sure their body has a dequate oxygenation to prevent fatigue, shortness of steer, becoming unconnected or even leave the body with permanent damage (Brite, 2010). Glenn Milikan was fitted to create a light-weight optical device that was satisfactory to be attitude on the earlobe to observe pilots oxygen levels go flying during beingness War II (Tremper, n.d). When Milikan developed this device he utilise Beer- cubic decimeters law which believes that using light and wave length potbelly determine that concentration of a solution (Tremper, n.d). In this case, this theory was able to revolutionize the pulse oximeter. This new technology was able to help pass by doctors and scientists the ability to look inside the body without making the person uncomfortable, or affect their performance in the pilots case. In 1964 a surgeon in San Francisco continued to develop the pulse oximeter and then it started to be distributed by Hewlett Packard in the 1970s. This pulse oximeter was the first single to be used in a hospital setting and was a large, bulky 35lbs homo of equipment. Not wholly was it large and bulky, it also cost about ten dollar bill thousand dollars. (History of Pulse Oximetry, 2002).The pulse oximeter has come a long air over the years and has become crucial in the medical field.How the Pulse Oximeter WorksWhen thinking about pulse oximetry, one whitethorn wonderment how a pulse oximeter works. This technology allows the health care professionals to see how rise up soulfulness is oxygenating their blood. The blood is oxygenated through the lungs and then the blood is pumped from the meat throughout the body to organs and tissues to provide the needed oxygenation (A Patients Guide to Heart, n.d.). The musical mode the pulse oximeter works is it looks at how oxygenated the blood is. Blood that is holding onto more(prenominal) hemoglobin absorbs more of the light that is provided by the pulse oximeter and allows more red light to pass through. Blood that ha s less oxygen will non absorb as frequently, leading to a lower oxygen saturation percentage (Principles of Pulse Oximetry, 2002).Types of Pulse OximetersTodays society, pulse oximeters foundation come in all different shapes and sizes. In the hospital setting, they lot be portable with just as big as a D battery. This type just slips on a finger or ear and then is turned on to have a reading of the persons oxygen saturation and pulse rate. Another type that is common in a hospital setting is one that is dependant to a monitor in the room and is a piece of commemorate that can be wrapped around the finger to continuously monitor the oxygen situation. This type is great in an Intensive Care unit of measurement or someone who unavoidably to be monitored closely. Not only are pulse oximeters used in the health care facility, but in that location also used for personal use, especially for someone who already has compromised lungs and needs to be able to monitor their own oxyg en saturation whenever they may feel short of breath or are experiencing other symptoms of low oxygenation. Pulse oximters are easy to obtain online or through a medical supply company. Online a portable pulse oximeter can crop from twenty dollars to several hundreds of dollars depending on the brand and the other options that not only pertain to measuring oxygen saturation (How Much Does a Pulse, n.d.).Reasons to reminder Oxygen SaturationSome of the reasons that oxygen saturation would be tried is for surgery, procedures that involve sedation, diseases such as COPD, anemia, lung cancer and anything that may compromise the potence of the lungs that would prevent adequate oxygenation of the blood (Oximetry, n.d.).With the health care professionals being able to monitor someones oxygen saturation, they are able to interfere sooner and prevent further complications.Oxygen SaturationThe normal shake off for a persons oxygen saturation should be mingled with 96% to 99% in someone who has no respiratory issues. For someone who has mild respiratory trouble, their range should be anywhere from 90% and above. When ones oxygen level becomes less than 90 for an extended full point of time, they need to seek medical attention to prevent further complications (Pulse oximeter readings, 2010). If someone is experiencing low oxygen saturation, some of the symptoms they could be experiencing are shortness of breath and cyanosis which means the skin may have a blue expression due to the lack of oxygen rich blood (Veach, 2011). If someone is experiencing these symptoms, they should seek medical attention.Interventions for Low Oxygen SaturationsIf someone is suffering from inadequate oxygenation, in that respect a few different demeanors to intervene. One way is to place an oxygen mask on the patient. This will allow extra oxygen to support the persons lungs in providing more oxygen and preventing them from working harder to breath (Bateman Leach, 1998). similarly if the situation is not remedied, other inventions may include an invasive arterial blood gas, BIPAP/ CPAP, which will push air into the lungs and support the lungs. All these interventions are imitated based on pulse oximetry monitoring of a patients oxygen saturation.ConclusionPulse oximetery has become a revolutionary change in medicine over the years. Now that health care professionals are able to monitor a patients oxygen saturation noninvasively at any given time, early intervention can be put in place such as supplemental oxygen to prevent complications or even death. With the invention of the pulse oximeter and the ability to monitor the oxygen saturation without being invasive to the person has become a great contribution. If pulse oximetery and the pulse oximeter were never invented, what would happen to people in the hospital? Would everyone have to be stuck just to find out a basic measurement every few hours? This invention, has allowed people to keep their comfort, whi le allowing others to have access to needed data to treat them properly. The pulse oximeter has changed the way hospitals and the health care professionals monitor oxygen saturation forever.Works CitedA patients guide to heart surgery. (n.d.). Retrieved from University of Southern Californiawebsite http//www.cts.usc.edu/Arterial blood gas. (n.d.). Retrieved from http//almostadoctor.co.ukBateman, N., Leach, R. (1998). subtile oxygen therapy. Retrieved fromhttp//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govBrite, S. (2010). Importance of oxygen monitoring. Retrieved from http//ezinearticles.com/History of pulse oximetry. (2002, September 10). Retrieved from Oximetry.org websitehttp//www.oximetry.org/How much does a pulse oximeter cost. (n.d.). Retrieved January 19, 2014, fromGoogle website http//www.google.comOximetry. (n.d.). Retrieved from http//www.hopkinsmedicine.orgPrinciples of pulse oximetry technology. (2002, September 10). Retrieved fromOximetry.org website http//www.oximetry.orgPulse oximetry. (n. d.). Retrieved from http//medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.comPulse oximeter readings. (2010). Retrieved from http//www.amperorassociates.co.ukTremper, K. n.d. Pulse oximetry. Retrieved from http//journal.publications.chestnet.orgVeach, M. (2011, March 10). What are effects of low blood oxygen levels?. Retrieved fromwww.livestrong.com

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